Traffic infrastructure in the Republic of Srpska consists of the network where road and railway traffic intersect, the port in Šamac, the dock in Brod, and the airport in Banja Luka.
More than 90% of the overall goods in the Republic of Srpska are transported by road traffic.
″Railways of the Republic of Srpska‶, joint-stock company Doboj, is the only railway company on the territory of the Republic of Srpska whose main activity is to transport goods and passengers. The Republic of Srpska has around 425 km of railway network
Banja Luka Airport is the only airport in the Republic of Srpska which is open for international transport. The long-term plan for the development of this company includes the takeover of the leadership position in terms of cargo traffic in the region.
When it comes to the telecommunication infrastructure of the Republic of Srpska, landline telecommunication service is provided mostly by “Telecom Srpske”. Mobile telecommunication service is provided by three operators which are very strong on the market: “m-tel”, “BH Telecom” and “Eronet”.
“Posts of Srpska” is the public postal operator which is currently the only one capable of providing universal postal services on the whole territory of the Republic of Srpska.
When it comes to the roads in the Republic of Srpska, the public company “Roads of the Republic of Srpska” is in charge of its maintenance, protection, reconstruction and building of freeways and regional roads, building of objects on the roads, traffic patency and safety on the roads. Traffic signs are written in dual alphabet, first in cyrillic, followed by latin alphabet.
Company “Railways of the Republic of Srpska”, joint-stock company Doboj transports around 5 000 000 tons of different kinds of goods annually. 50% are the goods for export, import goods amount to 20% and 30% are goods in transition.
There are three mobile operators in the Republic of Srpska: “m;tel”, “BH Telekom”, and “Eronet”. In April 2019 these operators got a licence to launch 4G network.
More than 90% of the overall amount of goods is transported by road traffic.
Road network in the Republic of Srpska is consisted of:
By adopted strategic and planned documents of the Republic of Srpska, besides the already built highway Banja Luka- Gradiška and Banja Luka-Doboj, there is the plan for building highways in the following directions:
By adopted strategic and planned documents of the Republic of Srpska, the following freeways and regional roads are planned to be built in the Republic of Srpska:
“Railways of the Republic of Srpska”, joint-stock company Doboj, is the only railway company on the territory of the Republic of Srpska, whose main activity is to transport goods and passengers. The Republic of Srpska has around 425 km of railway network and around 385 km is being used. 90% of the railway is electrified at 25Kv. “Railways of the Republic of Srpska” transport around 170. 000 passengers annually and around five million tons of goods.
“Railways of the Republic of Srpska” in cooperation with the Government of the Republic of Srpska and the World Bank are currently restructuring this company, in order for it to achieve financial stability and take its place in the network of European railways.
Restructuring deals with ownership, organization and financial issues as well as the investment plan for the next ten years.
“Railways of the Republic of Srpska” needs investments in infrastructure and procurement of towing vehicles, as well as electrical and diesel motor vehicles for passengers in order to improve the quality of service.
When it comes to the repair of the railways in the direction BanjaLuka – Novi Grad – border of the Republic of Croatia, negotiations with Chinese companies are in progress.
The direction Doboj (Srpska Kostajnica) – Šamac is set to be repaired soon. It is estimated that the cost will be around 140 million euros. A significant amount of money will come from grants (up to 50%).
The direction (Doboj) Tuzla – Zvornik – border of the Republic of Serbia, where the tunnel Križevići is located, is electrified and it demands repair. Research project are to be obtained regarding this from IPA 2017.
Apart from the port in Šamac, which is capable of accepting the ships which carry up to 1500 tons of cargo and transshipment of cargo, there is Brod Refinery, open for docking and transshipment of petrol and petrol products. The docks in Gradiška and Rača are in plan to be built.
The Banja Luka airport is the only airport in the Republic of Srpska open for international traffic.
Since 2013 there has been the regular flight of “Air Serbia” Belgrade – Banja Luka – Belgrade.
Since the winter flight timetable in 2018, “Ryanair” flights to Brussels, Memmingen and Stockholm have been established. The flights take place twice a week to all three destinations.
In April 2019, the “Ryanair” company established the flight Banja Luka – Berlin – Banja Luka, twice a week. This company expects that these four regular flights will provide transport for more than 135 000 of passengers over the airport in Banja Luka.
During the summer in 2018, charter flights to Antalya were provided, and in summer 2019 this company started with charter flights to Greece.
Furthermore, the negotiations regarding establishing the direct flights Banja Luka – Moscow and Banja Luka – Vienna are in progress.
The airport in Banja Luka has a great geographical position in Bosnia and Herzegovina, great flying weather conditions in summer and winter and it is the only airport in Bosnia and Herzegovina with the possibility of landing from both directions. The airport area stretches on 1.600.000,00 m²
The airport has a runaway which is 2600 h and 45 m in length as well as other lanes and platforms. The landing building has been reconstructed with amenities necessary for arrivals and departures of passengers of international flights.
The building of a modern cargo object is in progress which stretches on 1360 m² which will be accompanied by modern cutting edge equipment which will provide fast and safe shipping of all kinds of goods which can be transported by plane. The services which the airport provides are the following: arrivals and departures of planes, passengers and luggage; arrivals and departures of goods and their storage; sale of jet fuel – JET A1; services of VIP lounge, catering services; trade services; parking for 100 cars.
The airport can accept and cater the medium category planes. The distance of the airport Banja Luka is 23 km from the town Banja Luka, 35 km from the highway Belgrade – Zagreb, 18 km from the river Sava, 18 km from railway, 1 km from the highway Banja Luka – Gradiška and 1 km from main freeway.
The long term plan for this airport is to become the cargo leader in the region.
“Telecom Srpske” is the main provider of landline phone service in the Republic of Srpska, functioning as a very strong operator. However, there are other operators on the market as well. The overall number of landline phone subscribers on the “m:tel” network is 227. 251 ending with 31. 12. 2018.
There are three main operators in the Republic of Srpska which are very strong on the market. Those are: “m:tel”, “BH Telecom” and “Eronet”, as well as other operators.
The overall number of subscribers on the “m:tel” network is 1.321.627, ending with 31. 12. 2018.
The overall number of the internet users in the Republic of Srpska was 143.001, which is for 6,7% more compared to the previous year. Package users of the integrated services have the most significant role in the internet users´ overall structure which is 67,4%. The overall number of the integrated services users is 109.543, which is for 12,8% more than in the previous year.
Postal services in the Republic of Srpska are provided by “Posts of Srpska”, as the public post operator (JPO) of the Republic of Srpska and other postal operators.
“Posts of Srpska” as the public post operator in the Republic of Srpska is the fully-fledged member of the World Postal Union and the Post of Europe, with the international IMPC code for providing services in the international traffic. When it comes to fulfilling international duties in terms of continuity and availability of postal services, only JPO is currently capable of providing universal postal service (UPU) on the whole territory of the Republic of Srpska.
“Posts of Srpske” provide their services in 225 post offices. 189 post offices are delivery posts. The average number of residents per one post office is 5.447. The number of delivery regions is 1.083, the average number of residents per one delivery region is 1.132. On the other hand, private postal operators provide their services mostly in urban areas focusing on major users.
Institutional support, finantial incentives, subventions, tax exemptions - all aim to build better business environment for you.
The Republic of Srpska is rich in natural and other significant resources that represent great potential for each investor. No matter the industry.
Position is important. Good connection with the rest of Europe makes it much easier to build a business in the Republic of Srpska.
Investors in the Republic of Srpska have an equal position as the residents. Aside from that, they have many more valuable benefits.
Tourism is a growing industry. The Republic of Srpska is an attractive location for tourists and yearly-growing numbers confirm this statement.
The workforce is a significant factor of success and one of the biggest advantages of growing a business in the Republic of Srpska.